Plaintiffs seeking to certify a California class of current and former assistant stores managers and other differently titled managers and associates were denied class certification of their state law claims under Rule 23.  Saks, Inc., the operator of high-end retail department stores across the United States, also convinced the district court to grant its preemptive

Following  the granting of conditional certification under FLSA 216(b) in July 2012, the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York (Judge Andrew L. Carter, Jr.) granted the plaintiffs’ motion to certify a class of umpires who alleged that the United States Tennis Association’s (USTA) improperly classified them as “independent contractors”